Rabu, 31 Maret 2010

Active and Passive Sentence

Active and Passive Sentence


Kalimat pasif atau yang biasa dikenal dengan Passive Voice atau Passive Sentence atau ada juga yang menyebutnya Passive Forms merupakan salah satu bentuk kalimat dalam Bahasa Inggris. Dalam definisi singkatnya Passive Voice berarti suatu bentuk kata kerja transitif dimana secara tata Bahasa Inggris subjek dari kalimat berpelaku sebagai ‘pasien’, yaitu yang menerima aksi dari sebuah pekerjaan. Kalimat Pasif umumnya kontras dengan Kalimat Aktif atau yang biasa dikenal dengan Active Voice, kalimat ini bermakna suatu bentuk kata kerja transitif dimana subjek dari kalimat berpelaku sebagai ‘agen’, yaitu yang melakukan aksi dari sebuah pekerjaan.

Definisi :

Ciri – ciri kalimat passive :

- Pasti verb 3

- Ada kalimat Bantu (to be)

Rumus :

Simple past tense :

Active => verb 2 (ed)

Passive => was/were + verb 3

Simple present tense :

Active => verb 1 (+ s/es)

Passive => Is/am/are + verb 3

Present perfect tense :

Active => has/have + verb 3

Passive => has/have + been + verb 3

Present continous tense :

Active => is/am/are + verb ing

Passive => is/am/are + being + verb 3

Present future tense :

Active => will + verb 1

Passive => will + be + verb 3

Past perfect tense :

Active => had + verb 3

Passive => had + been + verb 3

Present perfect continous tense :

Active => has/have + been + verb ing

Passive => has/have + been + being + verb 3

Contoh kalimat :

Active

- dudi washes the car everyday

- they are lifting the stones

- I will buy a bag

- we sold the car last month

- they have painted their house blue

- she had posted the letter before she came here

- she has been reading a book for 5 house

- mirna writes a letter for her brother every month

- the doctor is examining the patient at the moment

- the rich man will sell his luxurious house to pay for his debt

Passive


- the car is washed by dudi everyday

- the stones are being lifted by them

- a bag will be bought by me

- the car was sold last month

- the house has been painted blue by them

- the letter had been posted before she came here

- the book has been being read for 5 house

- a letter for mirna’s brother is written by her every month

- the patient is being examined by the doctor at the moment

- his luxurious house will be sold by the rich man to pay for his debt

Sumber :

- Ganeca “Progress”

- Google.com

- Buku catatan

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